2017 Holiday Outlook: Quick Order to Delivery Turnaround Creates Supply Chain Challenges
Almost 90% of consumers are shopping in store this holiday and most of them will combine the best of both in-store and online shopping based on what they’re buying and for whom, according to PwC's 2017 Holiday Outlook report.
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It goes without saying that in these days of rapid e-commerce growth, consumers are getting more accustomed to getting what they want, or order when they want it.
This, in turn, creates challenges for retailers to get orders to customers, challenges that can be expensive but needed.
The supply chain- and logistics-related findings from PwC in its outlook included how:
- almost 4 in 10 consumers (39%) prefer to have their good delivered in two days or less; and
- 50% of consumers say delivery between three and five days is acceptable
While these types of trends have become standard expectations for consumers, things are viewed somewhat differently by retailers’ supply chains in that things like same-day delivery, return shipping and related fees all have the same thing in common, says PwC: they are expensive and can have a negative impact on the bottom line, more so during the holiday shopping season than other times of the year.
“The persistent growth in online shipping, compounded by expectations of expedited delivery, has mandated a corresponding reconfiguration of the entire distribution network,” PwC said.
“In response, retailers have shifted their focus from behemoth distribution centers in the heartland to more nimble versions with smaller versions close to population centers. Today distribution centers dot the landscape of every metro market worldwide.”
What’s more, PwC observed that in large metropolitan areas, former manufacturing facilities in industrial parks are more often functioning as distribution centers for retailers, with proximity to highways making them highly desirable in an instant pick-up era with same-day delivery fast becoming more commonplace.
And in exurban areas, former malls that are close to major highways are also making way for distribution centers after zoning changes.
PwC Managing Director Tim Laseter told Logistics Management in an interview that the increased onus, or emphasis, on quick turnaround times for orders becomes more heightened leading up to the holiday season rush. And of the central themes of that is how retailers are focusing heavily on restructuring their distribution networks.
“One of my reseller clients said to me that his company needs to stop building distribution centers at highway junctions in the middle of nowhere and start putting them outside or as close as we can to major population centers,” he said.
“That is what we are seeing more of in terms of structural changes to the network. The focus is on major metropolitan networks. For example, we likely will not have same-day delivery in a place like Charlottesville, Virginia for a really long time. But in major cities [and population centers] that is increasingly becoming an expectation.”
As for the holiday season, Laseter said things are somewhat different, citing an old supply chain saying along the lines of ‘everybody likes speed but as a trade-off what everybody wants more is predictability.’
“If delivery is promised in two days and it always arrives in two days, I can work with that most of the time,” he said.
“The holiday season is pretty predictable in terms of when things are going to hit. 24-hour delivery is not a requirement as much as an assurance that the order will arrive in a timely manner. That is an important part of the holiday equation.”
PwC’s findings also touched upon free delivery, with the key takeaways being that 30% want same-day delivery; 22% want next-day delivery, and 20% indicated they want standard delivery.
This speaks, said Laseter, to consumers more than often preferring the lowest-cost option. “But even though it may be called ‘free shipping,’ there is always a related cost,” he said.
“Increasingly, as the B2C sector has 111 distribution centers that average close to 90 million square-feet [cumulatively] covering every major area of the U.S., even with a two-day promise, retailers are increasingly trying to get it done next-day just because of the volume and scale that they have and their ability to get things out. They are setting consumer expectations that ultimately is hard for others to cost-effectively match.”
As distribution network strategies, which are spurred on by things like e-commerce, automation, and last-mile logistics, among other things, Laseter said that retail supply chains need to focus less on predicting demand than shaping demand and expectations, specifically when trying to compete with the largest players, whose scale cannot be matched.
“The challenge is going to continue to be how do you shape customer expectations…rather than just playing catch-up,” he said. “Nobody wins by just playing catch-up, as that can be a losing game to play.”
PwC's 2017 Holiday Outlook Report - Alexa, where’s my stuff?
More distribution centers closer to population centers mean fewer last-mile snags
The persistent growth in online shopping, compounded by expectations of expedited delivery, has mandated a corresponding reconfiguration of the entire distribution network.
In fact, after a steady increase in uptake over the past few years, consumers now do some 50% of their holiday shopping online.
Most of them take 2-day delivery for granted; some are even more impatient.
Consumers told us they will use digital channels - laptop, desktop, smartphone, tablet, smart home tech - approximately 6% more than they did last holiday season.
And when offered free delivery, they prefer the same-day option by an 8-point margin over next-day.PwC 2017 Holiday Outlook
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Jeff Berman is Group News Editor for Logistics Management, Modern Materials Handling, and Supply Chain Management Review. Jeff works and lives in Cape Elizabeth, Maine, where he covers all aspects of the supply chain, logistics, freight transportation, and materials handling sectors on a daily basis. Contact Jeff Berman