The Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) is one of the largest and most prestigious research and education institutions in Germany. It was created in 2009 when the University of Karlsruhe (Universität Karlsruhe), founded in 1825 as public research university and also known as “Fridericiana”, merged with the Karlsruhe Research Centre (Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe), which was originally established as a national nuclear research centre (Kernforschungszentrum Karlsruhe, or KfK) in 1956.
KIT is one of the leading universities in the Engineering and Natural Sciences in Europe, ranking sixth overall in citation impact. KIT is a member of the TU9 German Institutes of Technology e.V. As part of the German Universities Excellence Initiative KIT was accredited with the excellence status in 2006. In the 2011 performance ranking of scientific papers, Karlsruhe ranked first in Germany and among the top ten universities in Europe in engineering and natural sciences.